Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A],[B], [C] or [D] on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to 1 uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is strong that people will 2 to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3 .
In a series of experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin school of Business tested students’ willingness to 4 themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one 5 , each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist? Half of the pens would 6 an electric shock when clicked.
Twenty-seven students were told with pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified. 7 left alone in the room. The students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew that would 8 . Subsequent experiments reproduced this effect with other stimuli, 9 the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.
The drive to 10 is deeply rooted in humans, much the same as the basic drives for 11 or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct—it can 12 new scientific advances, for instance—but sometimes such 13 can backfire. The insight that curiosity can drive you to do 14 things is a profound one.
Unhealthy curiosity is possible to 15 , however. In a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to 16 how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to 17 to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the 18 of following through on one’s curiosity ahead of time can help determine 19 it is worth the endeavor. Thinking about long-term 20 is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity,” Hsee says. In other words, don’t read online comments.
1.A. ignore B. protect C. discuss D. resolve
2.A. refuse B. seek C. wait D. regret
3.A. rise B. last C. hurt D. mislead
4.A. alert B. expose C. tie D. treat
5.A. trial B. message C. review D. concept
6.A. remove B. deliver C. weaken D. interrupt
7.A. Unless B. If C. When D. Though
8.A. change B. continue C. disappear D. happen
9.A. such as B. rather than C. regardless of D. owing to
10.A. disagree B. forgive C. discover D. forget
11.A. pay B. food C. marriage D. schooling
12.A. begin with B. rest on C. lead to D. learn from
13.A. inquiry B. withdrawal C. persistence D. diligence
14.A. self-deceptive B. self-reliant C. self-evident D. self-destructive
15.A. trace B. define C. replace D. resist
16.A. conceal B. overlook C. design D. predict
17.A. choose B. remember C. promise D. pretend
18.A. relief B. outcome C. plan D. duty
19.A. how B. why C. where D. whether
20.A. limitations B. investments C. consequences D. strategies
4. 【答案】D expose
【解析】固定搭配考查。根据原文语境，考查短语____ sb to sth 意为“让某人承受某事”。因此，D选项为正选。
【解析】根据上文，第二段句首提到in a series of four experiments,说明是在“实验”的语境。结合四个选项，[A]实验[B]消息[C]复习[D]观念，只有C选项和段落语境相符合。因此为正选。
9. 【答案】A such as
【解析】Discover 与上文中的Curiosity 相对应。
【解析】本词与后文的Basic drives 的详细说明。食物与shelter一样都属于人类的基本需求。
14. 【答案】D self-destructive
16. 【答案】D predict